04/05/2003 : oDOvk wJ

! llAyh DDh pOw F

best viewed on full screen (1024*768), IE Version 5, with "medium" font

To read these  pages
please download

 

e C lCh CpF
l H Co voD

 
.lzDF N DGC qC ppF DF DoDOz qC CoDJ ,xJ C qC : oCl
.lkppF hDz C F ,DzoD wJC OD CpF
 

: ( Cp D) oDOz wJC  5

29/4/1381  Dkp D ok Dkh Dlq ok : MDCph DC ,oDF

(NC) "PwDz" hC F DCpkph zp

80 lܿvC 22     !!? koA EDwd F kA hCk Co kh ǡ CpZ

29/11/1380  ! lCkCl D CpC ok Co "kpF lCh Co D kDF" q CpZ
22/9/1380   ? wF Z Co voDJ DFq
 

! oDFkh     qokph   F Dz OiCpF CpF DA pN

           ! qD FǡJ

ref :  http://www.payvand.com/calendar/

ref : http://www.nafisegallery.com/popup2.php?id=7

! r  ٺ  pv  pF   D q DJ   /    r pF DNC pF  Pvk  DN

   ! rk D lk wF fG / fG k qC J ,qk rh

! q DCpD kDOvC ,oJD Dhpص d

 

"! pGF kp DF Co   DN FDOF"

Denis Diderot, Portrait par L. M. Van Loo

CpkD lءCk w (1713-1784)"olk k "

xoDJ o q ok  Van Loo  oDpZ

 

!! lzDF Crp "lp" OzCk qC oCk Cp Co CkDOvC DN

! "iv" F ,k    "iv"   F

 

DCV C Oz CpZ

ZA ioDN  PvDwd F D DA ,DDJ C DJpF Co HGv

,joDN DJ ok .PvC lCp ooDF F D lC ,kon CpC ok

Co DOp C ,DDJ ok , ,lCOp oCp Cpz Z ok r pk DO

(.kp oDzC CN 18 lv ok wCp orF EC F tF) .lCkCk Pvk qC

 

A qCJ ,OoJ Doߡ DC ok pk F ClZ lC D

Z lk D) oCl ,lz kD Dk lDxJ oDJ ok os Dpk

PvC zV ok CpC DV Dos .(PvC UoDh D CN qC qClC١Z

.(1)lkp Cp qDN Dd Dh Z DorF Div ok Cpz

 

ok Dd ok ,loCk DV PDd oDvClh kD ok CpC ok Clq D

DA lC ok ,kp pOF CpF ,D C ,DV OoJ oDJ

qC pNDvA wF pF Owz PvC zo .lClz "qDvDV"

! PvC A ok

 

: Pw qDN b D vpJ ,PvC Op DV q Dh EA C qC D o

.Pw Co o b DVF CF C r     /    -? FDNpF o MDFCph Co q CpZ

! Pw D C qC p D Ppz ok   /   Ch Z p oCqA J ok yDG

98 e ,Dz Dd

 

Div C qC Z ,PvD A hC DJ wCp iv C

: yCp CN ,COppF DV k D

loiF Cpk oDF D   /  koh D lOzCk Cpk

 

,DoClJ DoDF kkq DF ,Vkph DA DJ pF xkpJ C lzDF

.kp DJ ioDN DOvD pF pZ

 

,CpC kp ,lppF FDF Dkr qC DV Clkph PvC d

! lzDF pFF A qC ,lClz O Co C ok oCroCr DzkClVC

 

  kDz z ,wCp ok lq ,kh DDV D F DA DF

! l kiF kh qC Co DDCV F kh rZD DOhA lDvo

: xǵ pF Pvok ! Ow kh pǾ F pDh C F C

!F Cpk CpD qC ClV Co kh CpD HGv C F

 

lpJ Phok

DkClho F Pw Dqo .PvC EDO PvDz DzDN DV C ok Z A

(2) .lF lr Dq Pzn qC pO lzDF : kqCkpKF Cqo

  ,v oCr lv EDO .PvC (Phok EZ) nD qC EDOqpC

: lD Phok kh F pOF

.pl DF (hypertexte) "OCp" lJ ok...lZ DpF gDz DF

! lk PG DOhok F lzo DW qDW DOhok lDz

 

Ovk lD lpJ F ,qpC qC F , 21 lv DwC PvC C pF D lC

pF qC FDD OhDzD Dqpv F CkCqA qCpJ qDVC kh lC F

.llF Co PG D D D oDF F

DN laF kh Co DA r ,l CpJ lA qDN ZA wF oDKwo qC

.l pNDDA Z p r

.lAkp A oF lCN , hDzpo k kp DF

.lpKF pk F Phok C qC   ,hDz AF hDz C qC OdCpF

! PvC kp lpJ CpZ ,oDKv kD F Co qCpJ ,Dd C DF

 

Co wC wCp voD ,Phok 3 ,rZD DF ,D xkpJ Dd

  .lCOpp DJ p CkqC DOhok .PvCkCk DV khok

: l krz DN lqCkpJ pzo F kh DCo DF

(pwh pD)        Co p gpZ koApq F  /  kpF Ck oDF p N Phok

! z Pw CoC  ECpz p qC F p qC ,oCr C ok

! ECpz DkCq ! PvDz D lzPw

 

,kh rZD lC ,V kph rWF oD ,oCkJ oDF b F

.oCl CpJ DFC b DOhok C CpJ qC HGvlF .oCl

 

.lzDF Do wJC lDz DN lrF pv D F D CpFDF

(.PvCOwF oDkh C F pFp o oDOvk wJ joDN)

 

.l pz lCN lzDF D ChDz p qC PvC zo

lFD DA ok Z A ,Phok C DhDz F PGw pOF DA CpF

. kDܡJ Co "Ovo Dh qC" hDz D

? kCk PwC Dp lq Phok lzo F kz p

! oClF ol PvC qCok Hz


(1)

Owzo pk v qC .l kClF lC kCqA kG ,qpC CpC ok

F CpF) .lDD Co kh pOF qo p oDvClh DOvk

DCV DFDh llJ ko ok DwC Vph

(.lpF CpOhk qvkh llJ qC p Dqo yoCr

Co kp DN lzDF Cqokph DF roDJ lC ok PvC DOip pF

ioDN Pvk lDKF ,kh DkDz qpF CpF,lWv rAPDw

.l DJ F qp C qC Co DlCpN

 

Pvok Co kh PC PvC D .Pw pzo qC pNlAoD CevC b

ok Co kDv DlC oDN "D kCk" oD DF oCnF DV A pF

! DA yqA : koA


(2)

,PvDA kF DJ lq CN ,DFDO F PGw ,DOhok C pNpF qC

CpJ ,DhDz OzCkD Dz ECkDz CpF Op b qC kDz

.kp Ci DN , DpF    DhDz NN Cp

 

oDF lZ ,kon xkpJ C PzD qC ,Dv Ml C ok

CllJ Z qDF oCk lC !CkF pNV DkClho qC D PvClz

CpJ tJ OvCo D CpZ ,Pw oAOz ClZ Z pC ,lk go

F vpF EDiOCqDF : DS CpF .oCk Cp Co kh yp

.D oDOz qC xJ DD ,DDOC pqPwi