04/05/2003 : oDOvk wJ

Dkp D ok Dkh Dlq ok : MDCph DC ,oDF

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oDF

MDCph DC

DCk PoJ pFCpF ok DoDF ioDN kDOwC

(iz)Dkh Dlq pOw ok DoDF

(DOVC) Dkp DoDF D

GN Co C D lk yCkDJ kh kopJPvk F ,Clh oDC CN "
DF Co kh kCoC wW kh CpF Co Clh CN  .oCl Co ,l
  oDlD b CN Ch .l D FpWN
pǾ ok DlC Z pC .oA p ok Co ypJ p qC xJ kV CpF
".Ck Chkh CDdC o߮F vpN ,취 Co pǾ A ,lkplzo
Albert Einstein, "F Z Co Dk" ,OC

lCOwCO ClhN Dk

Co kp oCkJ DoDF

.l o

DoDC F ,DDC DA

pF ,

upN DDJ pF

Co ,lCoCv CkD

!! kp lF ko CN

lq p qC xǵ

oDF

.lzDF A PhDz ok pJ lF (O D) oCr ypnJ DDoDF

ok Cpkph Dz Co PvC PhDz Ck DDV PhDz)

 lpJ DlD D ,DCpOw DD

.(Ck (concrete arguments)

,pz A oDF ok ,Co pk pz qC lvoqDN Pvk DO D PvC Z

DD F qD uDzD DO ypnJ CpF Dd ok ," oDF"

.oCk (C oDOo oCk D ,C kh Co D Ch OD Z) pk

,oCr F koA oDF D ,OzCkoDF CpF Co D "lCq" ZA CpFDF

A qC D CkD pk D (m) oClJ J l oC

,zDF kpF pv F pk pz A ok DDv kh pC CpZ) .PvC oCr

,Cpk OiJ D Dh Wv DJ Co pz A oDF ok kh oCk

(.oCr ,! uDzD Z Pvk Z

 

C k p qC ,pOw Dkp kr kDOCDV F ,DOVC DoDF

o C qC Pvok ,lp DV ,Dkp DDAD DOv ,DoiFA

.lkp pk oDZk ,l F Z pC ,Dq ok PvC

, wCp XDkDOvC wCp vDz Pwq-H lءCk ,[1]tDzpJ Cs

.lCk "i p Pv qC kD" Co DoDF

".lFDN" kh pF Co (CqoޢCk) DpF PvC oClJ CoCr oDF xJ

.Ck ,OhDv pF ,OhDv Co A D ,lvp MDGRC F D DN ,o C qC

D "oDFkq"  .PvC lz oDzC Ovok F D p ok"oDF" DGV F

.lOw kpFoD C D qC "oDFyh"

".lC lA D DoDF V F D Dzk" P CDh ,J lZ

v pFCpF ok ,C DSC C pF PvC kpJF CpOC C .(iz kD)

"Dq" (DD) "q" C .lF CND Co kh , p Ck

(!lA kp DCpwJC pv pF OJ Z "D" J F o ykp)

DF ,oC Mߡk ,C .lClA MDCph DAD V F lOw

! l V Dq q

 

DA UDA DwF Z .l "zk" qC PGeDlC oDN D

(.lCk kh zk Co o Ovok F oDN ) .lzDF DA Dzo

k DoDF zk" pNrN ) C zk DD CDh Dk ok "zk" sC

zk .P OvCo zk J ok lDG ; lzDF ("C

lv lZ C pvCpv ok ,pF oDطOvC ,Fqp C Dkp OvCo

DA UDA CpZ .lClA "ok" F Ovk ok qC Dkp C DoDF DF ,wJ

DCV C ok "DzC" b DA PvC zo .PvDDpv "lJDZ"

Co kh DGCp pص qC CoDJ qo p ,DA kpF DF tJ DV F ,oߡ

.lF ,lCorF qo qD F

.PvC A DOVC OhDvDoDF DF qoDG ,DV oClDJ pJ pz

 

MDCph DC

PvClkp PivPv joDN DqCok ok .PvC lz oCv oDF D DC

! kz OwzDN DC ,kkq lDF Co DoDF PvC o C qC

 

oClJ  ,"COvCh" D ,llJ OpnJ DC t kpFoD ,wϾ pOw ok

ok faith/foi DsC CkppF Pvok C .lzDF (! OzpvCp D)

.lzDF wC/wCp DDFq

 

 

(superstitions) "MDCph" (loA D) loCk DC A F Co ZA

.lzDF lpJ DCppF DpF lF DoClJMDCph xJ  .lD

Pzn DF D ,lOw Gn MDCph lOw oClJMDCph

.lCkCk Pvk qC Co kh "Gn" GV Dq

 

kh k ok XCo DoDF ,k CpJ  PvDWF O C oAkD

! lD "MDCph" Co pk Dk ok  XCo DoDF "DC" Co

 

pNOwVpF pNwCp qC (DC kD a) PF OzClJ ˡ

.lA oDz F DC Dt

 

"ˡ" CpCvC oV vDvC D ok kp DoDF qC CoDJ

r DF ok pOvD J lZ .Pw oAPz C .lA oDzF

! lCkp "ˡ" Co oCkoߡ ߤC qC CoDJ DN koA kp Co DlD

! oDD k pOw ok DN Co DC DN PvC C

DCk PoJ pFCpF ok DoDF ioDN kDOwC

? hpZ ykppF PwZ v C

,kz lF

...lDvo op lk

, wdle pOk)

(4)(le Dlq

tJ ok DN .PvC Crp Ck qC (DC A "lzv" ) oDF

tJ AoD Co pvok (oClJ p lD) F ,koCl DDV ϵ

ok pOF lv C .kqCpC pF pv ,CqoޢCk ,DCppF

.lzDF ,pF qC oDzA oD ,"DChkh"

 

,kF N "DC" C kF A pF ,OwF lv lءCkpOorF ,OC

.PzCkqDF kh ϵ DkoDOvkDJ qC Co C ,G DF

F ,"kp Pvok" "kppNPvok DJ" l VN

.lOw "Ϻ" N DOD Z ,DGOzC kpPvok ܷ

(Ppv kF DJ) N Dp kpFoD Dqp kCk D DF ,OC

.PvC GwۢCk Dk ok oCr p kF Pvok.kp pOkr Ovok F Co DA

MDGRC CpF Dz D : kz Op lDG ,lz EDW D D ,DC DF DC

DkCk qC Dz l D Co lCND DN (oN) p

,lzDF Dz ypnJ ko DA Ovok ,DkDF qC CpOw

Pvok D) Ovok F Dz "DC" .l kDOvC (î DpF lD)

! lF lDG D ,l ClZ Dz p (!lDD

F lvo lzDF oDzA lDF .(! lW DO C ok "DZ" OzCk)

CpZ .lzDF A qC pkph pFCpFok (D) p lCN oCr Ovok

DDz ,DpDospFCpF ok yCkDOwC DCN ok oCr p oCOvC

,Ck DOD DkCk ok koDOvk .kz lWv Dpkph

.lzDF (v MDvDwdC ) D kph qDvkܡh

.lzDF Dk qC ppF pOF lq Ck UDA

 

CpF .Pw oD () "DF" DF Co Ck P CN OvolF

(principe d'incertitude) "D ФC" "OC r "ok

(.PwCk Co NC DoDJ Ppv DV ,A ok CN) lzDF

kpnKF lCN Z PvClvo (pǾ) "" F ko ok w

? kpF F vpJ  pq F Co kh oClJ

.PD CN DCpoClJ kr Co lC Pwv C  DJ

Cqokph oDZ DN D .PvC "w" P DF

! lzDF "w" pFCpFok (wN)kDkp lDF

 

D ,vC EC lDW DqDv ,DCpoClJ pNpJ DN

: lw ,krhpF DJ F qolC kpFJF CpF

 

". DSOw Co lOw õ qC k MDw PvC q OGC"

"! xF PvC ص PdDv ok EDiC Х" ,201 oDz ,D p

 

yCpN D " õ" Pw DA .koB "D qC pNlF on" OvCoF lw

PvC zo .lzDF Cpk O F kp lwF (õF) kphF

lwF C kh Z DCpoClJ lw CpF DN ,qDA "OGC" C

.Pw "oCkpFDSOvC" Ck !lD

 

poDF DV ,PvCl DF ϵ DpFDJ pF DC  DVA qC

(A DF DDi F PGw pPiv ) A OvokpF oDDJ ܷ  ,HN

HN kh DOD Ovok pF lءCk b PvC Dq pk .kz qDF

Co l oDDJ HN DF kh DOD Ovok pF xA)  .kqo

q lءCk orF ,DvϵFC .(! lD lءCk CN

: l PzCk kh oD ok FCpz

".kz DN Pd Dq F PvC D F Dh D HN "

D HN ,,Pwp pF Dk qC CoDJ qC zJ ١Z DwF kzF Co DoDF pC

: lD Pw kF .PvC "okph" F

.pNoDFkpFD Cpk MDCph DF CoClok ,pNHO kh MDCph ok Zp

 

[2]"DDF ppF CpF DDFD oDF ok D" ok ,orF lءCk ,"olk"

"PvC kh CN Cp Z p lCh (kDCoDh) "OzpvCp" MkD ϵ pF

OvCpF ".l CpOC kh CkD F ,rZ p qC J": l C .koz

Ϸ b lz Ϸ) Dh Z ,CpC ClءCk h lqp Co C kz

COhDܡF  / COhClC pF k o q kpJ Z)vN lCp VCh (! l

.lD  (!COhDܡ b

WO ok ,DAD PhDz ok CND lDzJ DC ,ioDN p qC

kp CpF () lpF llJ Z p : l qDF Co PG ,qC upN

.kz pNllz C ok DCF DN vv ,lzDF pNOhDzD pNqDN

? D Pw DNkD Pd qD "ǡ" J Dv lZ wh Ck

lCh F d lz o "Dp커 " ,wh F lD qo k DN

qC DAD llD pOF F qD C vC ! llF "Pd qD"

Z pok OvCpF le Dq ECpC .PvC llJ C MCpRC kCkgo D

pNwCp qC okD DkClho D ,DClh F D ,lCkF vpN

.PvC kF "ko-k-D" ok ,DA DD DC DDJ

(3)"uCoDwDA" tF ,D Dw DOD F DA lDz)

DDR kClN A k D ,C .(! lOzCl DA

.lD piw qD C ,PvC lz EDwd J DNl qC (qD) D p

 

(iz)Dkh Dlq pOw ok DoDF

D D DN
,lzDF D pv pF ok
Co DA CN D
! pF lkD

 

old kD oD ,Ckppv

 

 

kh DDCN F kDOC F "kok" iFCoACܵ F lCN DC xJ

".PvD kN DpN Hn " : xoD oCr .ko oD F

kok (l CoA) w Cܵ F ClOFC ok DWC DpN .lDvo Co

. (Pw oAkDOC Dq ߬ ok OGC ) kp oCp kDOvC ko

 

.koA p ok DvDܡCo Cq qC lDF Co DC ,Dkh pOw ok

pNlD Dh Dk C "Cp" rZ F) DC F qC upN , CpF

lDOhDzD C .lk oDNqC upN Z CN Co (Con Dk C qC

.lDvpN Co D PvDllJ

oClJ F PGw lvpN oDN qC Co wkz Į DpF DF DA

,pRC "kF D PGS" pNCo vpJ qDN  ? kp D vpN kF

.PvC zN Z AoD

llJ "kF D PGS" CpF Ow D : wϾ vpJ)

(?  aJF iw lF d pk CpF iz

.PvC kDOwC Ov ok loDDF Co w

D DCq qC Co kh pFok lCN C ,kh ok F lhpZ DF

! lzDF OzCk ykp hpZ F kh pC DN .l vopF DzDN

. CpFDV DDGq qC kpF Mn O F oCkC Co C D

OwCN pC Od .DhpaF oq F Co C CN Ch

qDF NpJ ok .PvC kDOCF C AoD F D F ,

  .pk oD C F Co C CN ,(kCk DA) C F CpJ DDGq

.lzDF OvChkh PvC"oiF kolF" hpZ DN ,D p ok

(Cpk qDF D kh DW S) k p F , p Dd

iz oDF PvC Piv D CpF .lkp lhpZ kh C

DzDN lF 4ok ,DDGq C qC (!? koF Z Co pǾ p) Dv

Co C PwCN lCi pk xa A qC xJ   .lz lCi Pwpv PvC

.lD oCkC v 3 D 2 ok DzDN F

 

"DkCqA" qC  O pvCpv ok Dkp pOF ,qpC Cpz ok

F PvC kCqA DDok D ok w lD F Pvok .lvpN

,"kq Dok F k" qDA ok t F ,DlZqC p , kpF vp

kz N Piv ,(p D dDv)"J yh MDC" CpF k

: l Z J "DDJ " F

 

;kF ǡpO DF          kF k O Cp !DDw

;kF  dDv  lC  ypFlN  F          ٺqC kDOC Z FCkpF

302 o ,Dz Dd

 

,kz pz "Z" "CpZ" G qC D sC DF Co C ok koCn DJ

Mn F Z pC .PvC lz CpJF PvCo DF þ A ok pJ

.kqoC (lk kh Dh Z Co Dok DN) "DC dDv" F lvo

kV DN DF Co qDA qC kh ok PvC D A ok

:  pk Co J DDJ DFiv FDok

,Dz Dd 14 o    " ! D Cl Epz Mn q pGiF C"

 

DCF F (Cp d) DC qC oCn ,Co C kJ Ck

.DvlZ PvC kF Z Dd CpF  ,(V F Cߨo oOhp)

CDJ kqDok OwDF OwFDC F C C A pF

Dq ok ,q Dk qC D kpF Mn CpF

.lzDF ,Ow A D D rZD

(DOVC) Dkp DoDF D

A Ozn DV p-DOVC lDF ko PvC zo

(DDC DoDF) MCkDOC pF Dkpo C pRDN (DOVC "MCkD" joDN)

.lW DV C ok koCk kDq O tJ DV kh kp

 

"DDC" pC ,wϾ v ,(kp)Dkh Cq qC ,lk DF ok ZDZ

.Pw oD DA DF Co D ,lzDF OzCl oD D F

DJ O C pF ,pk rZ p qC F ,orF Dd P COF lDz

(... ,lF pC pC ) .PvCkp oDzC A F kh Ck ok PvC kp

ok DOip kr ,DO C D pOF D ,lk DW Dq pC ,

.koA Ch DV C ok Co  ,wCp DCpN

 

.PvC pk pw D Dlk ,DOVC C pOw F DC ko oDFok

: Pw "OpnJkh OvChkh rZ" qC iv pk CpZ

DV ok D) DOVC kV DwF ,pF C ok A Pwi

.zDF OzCk Co kh lC Co qDF CN lDF ( lq

pk Mn F lq qC D Mn qC iF) wϾ Dlk qC , A k

lCN x p DC DV A qC (PvC koh lJ PG MCkV

qC ,Co DC (DJpF) PDhk b ,lzDG yCDw DC DF

.FDN pF Co Dkp lCkp ok ,!lzDF DWF DCpkph Dlk

Z Co DDJ ,PvC (OhDv ܷ ) oClJ PDhk C DJ Z

.PvC kDFADWD ODhk

DlDJ kD pOF CpC qpC DV lvo PwFF F

(.l D oDvClh sC F) .PvC ODhk Z

 

 

"DC" qC Dw EDwd F lCApF ,DOip PvC zo

.kz lvo (DC PA ,IDJ ,CpkDV) lvo D EAF Cpk

F Co kp yN lDF Ovk qo Z F lvo DN

".lCpF EZ "

kp oDFkq pF Dw ,DDNoDz DpA ok , CpF

ok t F ,DA qC CoDJ PvC Z .lkCqA F ,lz "oCv"

,kh kCo rND"z" DDD qC ppF NpJ

kCkJ F oCkC Co w .lq kq HV F ok D

"ph" D DN z lF ?? kp Co "Pph"pF MDD lDF DA .lCkp

o Z pC ,DC qC GV C ! kF lCi kDv ClZ oD C ,koCk kV

CpZ .kz kpz kp F Dlk qC ,koCk DOVC F

.PvC OzClC kCkJ F Co kp (D) oDqDv b

v qC DA t F wCp ,v qC DpA Pk rOv F CoDzC DN)

(scientology) DF ClJ pV DF kohpF yo pv pF ,pk

dqC pd koCk CpOCDJoC ok DDNoDz C DF qoDG F DpA .

"Pvok" ClCqokph D qC C vDzqDF .lr pF

(! PwCkDv ClZ oD l


Albert Einstein : I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation, whose purpose are modeled after our own--a God, in short, who is but a reflection of human frailty. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body, although feeble souls harbor such thoughts through fear ou ridiculous egotism.

[1] Jean-Pierre Changeux  (neurobiologiste et professeur au Collge de France), Alain Connes (matmaticien et professeur au Collge de France)  : Matire pense, dition poche Odile Jacob, avril 2000, page 74

(2)

(1713-1784)"olk" qC "DDF ppF CpF DDFD oDF ok D"

Ewe "lz ClhD" qC xJ C oDOz C ,oDOz C C

[2] .lz Clq D lZ A pDiF Pz 1749 Dv ok Co ,kz

 

C lV ,1354 v IDZ , lCo Np DN ,CpC DOVC joDN (3)

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k lV ,1356v IDZ lCo Np DN ,CpC DOVC joDN qC (4)

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