04/05/2003 : oDOvk wJ

Dkph Dkr Cp hC ߤC

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p kpDv OwF DF F
George Brassens
,oD lo C F oDOz C
,Cp kDv wF
F ,kh lD DCpN DF
Dkr DlC FDqDF ok
.PvC lz ǡJ ,lDvo oD

http://www.georges-brassens.com/brassens.htm

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Dkr ClJ
Dkr A DDJ
vC qC xJ Dkr oClDJ
Dkr oDOo hC Dt
Dq F PGw Dkr Dlk
(Dkph) DDVgpv FDF
ECpz lz
oDOxJ

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DV kpkCo C PzClorF lDF ,kph FDF DoA A PhDz DF

.PwCk kp DA CpF Op ,lGN DkDz lq ݡV F Co

 

C) lOwq (!)ph zh ok Dv 22 DN ,FDF pGo F ,Dkph D

Dd C DF ,(loCnF DpF Cloq CpDp Dv DoCr oD Co Ml

DGV C yh oDkD qDF ,JDJ DFpv oDO xJ ok ,PvC oAPz

.lǾC kp "DC" pF Ϸz ,lq pV DZ Dh "V kD" ok

 

kDlq lDDWF pRC F ,Dv lZ C ok Pvok , A Pz

C lCh.CO DzA ,Dkr Cp ,C Pznpv DF kld DN ,lCo

qC Co C lDF OvCpF .kFkp pNDA kh CkD F Co pk oDF DFDO

pv pF ݷC ZA qC ,kDq rZ D PwCk DDz D D"koDOvk"

"kopJvC" w qo Dd vpN ) .Ck ,PvCOo Fqp C kp

sC qC Ovok ok DOd DCpC DwF Z (! lzDG D qC pOF ClZ r

.lzDFOzCl "joDN"

 

lkFOw Cod PiN pF kh "ٲC DDdo" D p ,joDN DqCokok

,(D߿ DDz D ,ll l Co "CpC" H Dh lD)

,OvCo joDN DF Cloq C zk k .lCkG ok PiN UDN qC kDq

kp kDz OwrF oDN Dw HGv lF .PvC zo ,DkN Pznpv

.lCkpG G CrvD "p ݷ" rV ,"vo DioDN "qC ,lCOzCk Co

 

oCr DF) r DA kD lDF ,PvCkG D CkpkCo C pJ OzCkpF D qC

pD zh u DOd pk DlA DN ,P kFD (p kpz

! ll Co kh lC F Co lq qC

 

PpF qC DN lDz )  A DF Dd Dh Z DorF DlC DOd

.lzDF lvo DF (DA oD ok lz hCk "DpvD"

 

Dkr ClC C pF CpZ lFDok pOF lDz ,oDOz C lCh DF

.lCkoA yoD F Co ,CpC DN ,pF joDN DpF pNDhok qC

DD C .PvCkF D DkDz Do DA vDvC lk CpZ

kClGOvC ,pF ϵ pF DA .lzDF Dq DoA pNDGq pNqCp

.lOvDhDJ F (DzkDJ D h l pF DN ) DpFCpFD

 

DW DN ,lA oDOp CpC oCkpv lF F DDJ ok ,"OvChkh" FDF N

qDF DwJ qC Cp pV N DoNok Co h DoAlF lz oDOp

! loCk Cp Co C kD DV CoJ DN lvoCp qo lzDF ! kp

 

D PvC zo ,q lq F Cqop C oDOo Cp vopF ok

! lCOp pz qC Co D PvC Nl CpZ ; oCk Co kh Wv yqoC

 

  DZ  ,lzDF  "p" Dkr kr ,DCPA  "p" DwF Z

: lzDF Dd Z Clo "p" ,DDp kr "D"

 

! COvCoA p lZ F ClF DN         yD qDFp lo zD

 

qC xJ ,lOw vC oV Dqo ok ,oDF Dr C

,lzDF OzCl Co ph kDz k (oߥN) yoDC CN DOd ,vC pZ Dlv

DpN kCk F oGW ,D N qC ,DA C ! Pw oAPz ClZ

.PvC oClh piw pk lClz "ph" sC qC Hp HW

.(Clh DkDz ,"oh" J qC : p ok "ph")

.lCOwF oCq p z ,oDN DF ˡ DJ DC D Z pC

 

! oCrvDKv qC PvCkpoDzC FDF kF kr F FkoC C qC oDF

uDJ Co Dkph Cp DlC zDF ApF lDF r D A pF Co DNC

,FDF Pznpv F OhCkpJ qC J ,CpFDF .(lOw Oo DFDF) oCk

.P lDF ,PvC kF FDF A ,Dkr Cp GN ok CoDJ

 

lzqDF lDF lCpk Cpzo ,Od DCpcԤC Mv "k" ok DF

orF oD qCuDKv uDJ DF .lp D F Co kpKvpv DDvo F FDF DJ

Z DGV oDF ok ϵ tJ kDV P lDF ,lCo Z CkDOvC

h DDpOF ,oDOz C ok ! PvClz kߡ qDN Dkr DD

CkD qC zD oDN D ,DCo Dh DV DN ,Ckp DF vpJ z F Co

.zDF kp D pOF Co kh

 

,lA DtJ DkDV ,Cp DoCr qC CoDJ F ,DOvk oD F lC DF

,CoDzC (oDOxJ) DDJ ok ,DV ok DA DDGk DGV C oDF ok

.lz lCh ,Con lZp

DwC qC ,"oV" qCp pF ,FDF sk

 

Dkr ClJ

 

DvDv DzkDJ DF ,k WJ lv ok (? PNoq D ulF D DF) kr

A qC C D .PvC Owq (lz lCkppF Fp F "kDG" D F ) "kC"

.PvClz UoDh DD

 

DeoFC .kp oDOo p F CpJ DF lp C Cp F DzkDJ C ,pz ok

A C FDok Pܮv Mol CpZ") oDZD o qC Co oDOo C pF

: l oDF C ok vkp .lCk ("PzCl pRC

 

D Co CkDF iv              D F kr ,kp lDF

y kCk lF ok kDG           ypCk kp DCp

P oW X A DG              P oOvk Dz kr F

 

Co kC ,CpzC DF Cp ,ONoq DDdo C DN Pp DF kr oD oDF

,m߿DF DorF qC ,yDv .lkp Clq "zCp" ok oDpF

pk oDF DA DF kpF DJ ϬD oDFok F kC .koACp Co C oCp MDGV

.Pw PiN pF

 

CpF CpzC DDdo DA) lz pk Dkr DF DzkDJ oDOo ,k ok ok

,kF kr ,uD kh orF pwJ C .(? lkFOzCn pz C PqDF

F Co Dkr pص DDJ ok DOd .l l Co pwh DN kp pe UDN qC Co

.PzCkC ONoq k ypnJ

 

lD PiN F J ok Dkr Z .lvo Mol F CpzC pwh ,C qC xJ

.kq Pvk DA qC oDwF oDO F k 529 D 528 Dv ok ,llApF uD

ok pv qC lq Co DA qC kDq kClN C ,(DPvDv ok) CD O F

.kp oF lq DV D ok r Co C ,DF ok kr lCkp qC xJ k ݾk DF

 

; l qDF Z Co kClho C vkp

 

kp oDw klF kp pv                kp oCk pF lq Co PiF

p kr Co ,DF p N          pN CoDF F O F xJ Aq

( ! PvC kF lGDJ DkClo "kDF DF Cp" F vkp D)

 

.kqClCpF o qC Co Dkr PwCO "pkCk" CpzC PvC zo

 

Dkr A DDJ

 

(lCo qC lDN) h PD pF DDvDv ok ok DCpC DV

Co oߡ Dv %80 ,CqoD ,kp kN DF CpzC lq .kF oCOvC

DClDh "h DJ" Dd O C .kG uD FD ,lkCk ǡN

G F DJ G qC PwCN w .kF DA pD d CC

.lrpF llV лz vo Co kp l kh J qC D ,lvpF DF

.lOwCk DDo DԺ oDOhC HdD Co kh CpzC ,"uDA" O F

 

: lw ,"vC DN qDA qC CpC" ok ,zp pOk

 

k F kF kDOC DOVC DG pF OG kr GV ..."

".lClD w Co A PvC

 

: lw ,"DDvDv Dq ok CpC" ok ,vOwp

 

qC lCN kD kp lkp lD ص ok kr DCߡJ "

ODPvk D Dq N MpR OzCk G qC ,kD MDON MCn F PGo

DC C lCOF C p ; lFD Do ,PvC Ե ko ߥi q F

MDp lDõ DG Co oDǾC G C xJ .l DC DF kCqA F Co

o ok Co P Dv lClh lO lkCk oCp kh DOVC

kh F DwN F Co A pF kCpC DN PvCkCk oCp Dkp upOvk ok q

.lzDFOzCl rZkh D pk qC F w w F ; l Pw

x p .PvC lA kV F p pGV F Dk ok MCDw l pFCpFD

Pd ok DC .l DC kh okCpF w qC Co kh MDN OvCh

.koCl kh D pDv qC F q D OvCh OzCk d xb

ok oDFk Co MCDw v lF DN kCk DOvlN F Pp CpCN qC lDF xJ

".k oCppF DV

 

: (DPvDv ok) CD O F

 

DN Clh DlF ,Dkp D PvC liF D : P kr "

".lzDG pFF Co xb DN l Uph Co pl D lDF ...lkA Clqp

 

: l Z r vkp

 

kF pFCpF C DF PvkN                         kF DCN p P

kJ ,ok oDN kF pCN                       krpF lzDF lDG

Pv pCN DF x PvkN            PvliF ,rZ Dh q

 

F (J. J. Rousseau) vo A qC J Dlv F HNpN DF

ok Co A Dkr ,lq Pvk "pFCpFD Do" oDF ok yoD tJ

! lkF lkiz PD

(".xb A qC q lCD A qC D": 1755 Dv ok vo)

 

: PvC Cr DkC C DA ,lz O ZA vopF DF

kD qC ,5 lv ok ,Dkr CDJ ߤC qC CoDJ Ovk

? lCkF pNoJ ,20 lv ok ,pF d DV ԵC

 

vC qC xJ Dkr oClDJ

 

lAOwF qC rZ p qC F ,ECpC ߡ pFCpF ok CpC DDKv Pwz

.lz zD "orF" DDdo   "pkCk" DDzkDJ DpkClF qC DkN

P DOܺ iJ ok tF) pص DDKv pF Dd pFCpF lD DA

? PhClC Dkr lNol yh Cok kD F Co DCpC (!V

 

DDw D) "pz" DpFCpFD .llDK pk DoDC Z Dd pF

,kr Cp kp DA kh DGOzC F kq Co kp (... W Ep D,oD

CqDN DV DGV ok ,kF lz Epv A qC J Dv lv kld DN

.Pp

 

Dh phCC ok DFpD (koA p) Oo pF F (99 o ,v lV) lCo

:l 18 lv DDJ DN DOvDF Cok qC CpC joDN qC l oDzC CF

 

F Mߵk zJ pq ,yClh D F ,DvCph ok DvDG pC DCk qC "

".PhCkpJ ,OzCk kV CpC ok Dq A DN ,kr lDõ GN F ,DvDG

 

,CD VCh ,l FC ,pF Z kCpC lqDF lCo

o PqDF d ok Co DGV C (VoDh DvDzoDh ) DOvpz

,kr DsC PvC A pF DOvpz DOd .loDz kr A klW

(FDF CpJ) DDVgpv ( CpJ) DDVlKv ,ph ,kDGv

.lOw kCpO DC

 

wFC CoCkpv qC , oDF ok pF DeoFC ZA F ,DS CpF

: pF ,l (k 770)

 

kp DpN DDVlKv p ... kp o p kr Clk qC "

O F PvDhpF PDi F DF p kp cDG Co Dq CC C .llz V

Co lOC DDKv .kpz HVC Co kr DdC C .lDvo

".kp Pd Dv 14 PhDv lCpJ

 

Dkr oDOo hC Dt

 

PvClqA oDwF qpC Dkr DoCnyqoC hC Dt F pqDF

.(! lD lqA DZ Dlv DDv lvpN lDF )

 

DN Dd Ozn) Dzk Md DDzk pOF Pw kF

.lq gpZ Dq F PGw Dkr yp CpJ ok DA (!? pk Dv lZ

: kpz oDOo C CpF CN k k Ovk

 

DzJ F Co Dzk lOw Cp oJ DZ DA DlC pk (1

.lCOzCkC Mv

 

"DaF" uDwdC ,(kkp r oDvkp Dz ) oDvolJ (2

.lzDF ,! CkN kDFC DF ,DOVC DoDF pNoDlD qC ,PD

(.kFlCh kF DGpkp DOVC DDJ pOorF ,lC lzo l)

 

iF k D ,PG DDGq qC kD k OzCkCp uDJ F ,k C F

pk F ,DN C F ,DJ ok ! CkoCnC ,ECpz Dq ,k C F Co

.qCkpJ DA DlC DpOw

 

PvC ph ص F DwC kp lDN kr" : l vOwp

".kF r pk F lDvo op F ,O DN ,DA Ppz ФC ok

 

N-N xKv ClV qC Co DllJ PvC A pF "kopJk lC"

!? lFDqDF Dd PF C ok Co C lC C Pw ,l vopF

 

Pw D C qC p D Ppzok / Ch Z p oCqA J ok yDG

(? PvClp "kph Ppz" F Dd DA ,pص DDJ ok Ovk)

 

lDG Co rZb lO qCD ok" : kpqDF vOwp O F

F PGw DOd .lzDF lCh O D p qC .PzCk ok D qC

".kp oDOo P߮ DFp F OwDF Dzk

 

ϵ D ok rV ,h Oio qC" : lw vl ,DA yo oDF ok

DF loCk .ll oDwF rDJ F .l oCkkh ,lqCpCpF D컬

".lrAok kp DF oD p

 

: lw lCk kr CpJ qC Co Dph ,kh PvpC EDO ok ,l FC

ok .lzDF Mn WOwV ok kFkCk oOvk kh CpJ F kr"

DF lqDv J Co oD Ovk .loCl Co Oiv kh pF lz koh

oCkp oDOo C DF .lClF pO Co kh Dq .lD qoDG kClGOvC

".lD pF x oCqA J ok loCk llwJ

 

OD CpF C qC pOF DJko Z ,"kF Mn WOwV ok " ko ok

? kCk D CN ,Dh pص d ,DV kp orF lC p Do

 

kF ld F Dkr kr "rph qC DA oCrF" l CpF

.lkp EDOVC oChPz qC DD Z DA (qC CoDJ Pvk)

oDzC (! kkp A rDV vC A qC J) DONoq"ll|z CpOC" F C

.l

 

,oDOop DJ F qo ,! DDw qC CoDJ DOd , C DC vDvC DA

? koCk kV lvpF Dkr CpD fϤ

 

DVpFDJ r vC qC xJ DGV ok Dkr oJ DCpDwC ߤC

VN Gn DdC CpVC F C lF , CpJ ,DS CpF .llD

.lkF lGDJ oCkqCo PDC ,OvCo ,hC ߤC PDo F ,lzDFOzCk

 

,ߤC Z (qC oClvDJ ) F lvo vDvC PpnJ lDF

! Pw ص ϤC ,Dkr DlC pk EZoDZ ok rWF

 

DJ pF) hC ߤC GN oCrDJ lC F qDN DDwC pNoJ

,kD DCpC DwF Z .lCkDOC (!k D DF ,DwC kph PG

hC ߤC kFD DF Co k "kFD" q ,! CkD koD so Z

! loDC Dw

 

Dq F PGw Dkr Dlk

"vF" xlN
20 lv yCpNpJ ,"ko" qC
"baiser" de Rodin,
Muse Rodin, Paris

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/rodin/kiss.jpg

 

 

qC Dq oDF ok Dkr Dlk ,qpC CpǾzo ١Z ok ,z lF

.lA oDz F lDF DA Cp DiF pNFC

 

߬ ok Cloq ZA DF  ,ߨ C F DA yp ooko

pOw FDok PvC p١Z DZ ,lCkp p DkN lC F DoCr

,DV ok ,DkN GC pǾ CN qC q Dkr DlC Dos

! PvC UoDh

lv Z ,DJoC Dz Doߡ kr yp C ok qC DD qDN

Dk Doߡ pNOpJ DOVC Dlk qC z lF ,oDCk

.kz lk ,lAoDءF

 

 

F lF DD vC oV "oD" DF CpC kp ,wJ DDv ok ,OGC

(! Cohz PJ DwF) vC DdC ߤC "k pF" .lCOzCkpF J

Pvok DV A qC oClJ C .lzDF kp pzo Co ok DJpk Plh pOorF lDz

koA qC r vC oV Dqo okr lw DOd lA

,DO Dd ok) ! koCk DFC lCh DJ ok D

(.lkF D qC F ,kp kr Dkr "Pe" CpF ,J Dv 30 D 20

 

Dq PD D o߮F PD ϵ pF Dkr ,O D ,oDF

,Dh o߮F ("llA EDwd" F Dq A ok Dw DN) Ckp vF

!PvCkF PD DkD qC CoDJ DF qoDG lqA D F DA .lloz

Co d qC 1948 Dv ok DN ,! wCp oA ,wCp ok Dq C oAkD)

(! lzDF q lDz ,ioDN EZoDZ oAkD CpF ,llz oCkohpF

 

: PvCkoAok pz F DGq Z Co DA yp vkp

 

Dq Ci Co F k Z                  D olC lDF OvCh q

qCo F lA olC ١h DF                 qD qA zo kF k lF

D olC k C kD lDGF                    CkpiF pv laJ k

 

: l lDN (DPvDv ok) CD Co p C

 

pl D Z Co Dq lDF .PvDz D Z Dz Dq P D A"

pF kCp ok lD HF Dk Mz Mn qC x b DN lvDz

".kF kD h

 

CrvD d ok (C qpC DDV ) CD CpF DlC C lDz

.lzDF Cp oDwF ,qpC ClעlCorF CpF ,lzDF

 

cDG pl F Co h q ..." : lw ,CoDiF joDN ok ,izpN ,pOF C qC

".kߡ b qC lF p ,PvC a l loCk

 

".kߡ b qC lF p ,PvC a q ..."

 

Leyl Htami, az Maryam Zandi

 

 

? kpF vpJ pq Co d C Ovok lCN ,v Dv OGC ,DwC b DA

? PvC OD Pvk C qC pNpnKk pNDGq GN F pDz Cpviv b DA

 

: pF DDJ F Dkph oDF ok vl qC O C DF Co oDJ C

 

(! PvC qC lDN C) ".lCk rDV DA kh PDo DF Co Dq CpOzC"

 

tJ PvC p١Z DaA Dq F Dkr yp kFJ OiJ

: l Cp Co vpJ C F (ioDN DkCk pF) oCOvC ivDJ OD CpF

?? lCOzCl Dkr kr ,C lC C roJ ok Dq kh DA

 

"Ϭ " Co q ,! DC DGD DN ,p DCpvC ,21 lv ok

! PvC "Ϯ" (þ P) o D "Ϭ" C .lCk kh

 

DV DN ok F CpC ok DN ,GV Cl OvCpF ,onF vC qC

Co F lvDz Co ((renaissance) Cq GV DN Pvk)

? lzDFOzCn UoC Z C Dq p

 

ok pZ vo ECkA qC puok DF ,wCp 18 lv w orF ,olk

: lw kqDO kh DV hC F ,ODN pCrV "ClOFC" DF D

 

.PvC kp lGN C PD F Co q HdDN PvC kp Dkh C"

lJ yk pF (qClC qC F) kDq DoDF vo ECkA v F

.lCkD zDq

kp F Co pDJPvk MCop oDءF Dd l C v F

.lCOhClC UCkqC

(kp) D CoCk A ok ,D DV PD v F

DZ pF ,PvCo DorF pF ZA) .PvC kp kD Co "lwJD lwJ"

(lCkppF .PvCoD

kh PC D Cq qC Co rZ DpZ vDv yp v F

.l vopF

,loCl "MDhC" F Fo b D F ,k DkD v F

".lCkq (... OpdF ,NpF ,CokkpJ) "" (...  ,P쩾 ,CN) "D" DHwZpF

 

:COp D orF Dh qC " D" DsC r ok lzDF kpF J lDz

q v pF D z            q p pF k ,PvC fG"

"q Z Ck qCok q pF                    qDF kh qCok C qC Pvk

.lzDF lz CoDzC Dh Dlk F olk oCr kr F DN

 

Cpz DOߡh DFp Dq %50 ,Dk ok qpC , DqDv oDA o qC

oDF C ok Dph DlC yqoC F D PvC dDG lZ .lOw kh

.(.l D "Mn pNDF" oDOz F) ! CkpFJ

 

(Dkph) DDVgpv GV FDF

 

.PvCOp lC o kr qC ,Dkph GV ,lk ZDZ

? kDFC Z ok DpOw Cl ok

 

,DOwoC ,o ,DWDFomA ok DDVgpv" : PvpC ok ,lFC O F

qC F DA kClN .lCkF lCpJ qCC DDKvC FD Cl ,k

" .kF p oCrl

 

MDk qC ,oD Dq ok ,FDF qC J Dkph PvCkoA CD

.kF p oCrl DA l lkp (yoz) Uph Cl o DDKvC

 

kh CoCroD Pvk F vDG Dh DV A qC l lCo kh

OwVpF kCpC lkF ߻ lkOv kp MoD DlC kp kle F

Ph DOvk DF Dkph ,lkpF F qC Oi Dܵ DDF F Co CpC

.lkp oDzA DJ qoDG

 

CV ok kF CpC P kD kCpC qC FDF PvC w lCo CpF

G C F ,Po DF PvJ (Dkph CߡJ) ClDV DKv F

.lkp DV C p qC xJ ,ClDV P

 

D Dl qC pRDN) lCOzCk kDOC (rincarnation) jvDN F Dkr D

OvCo F kp ߡN CpF p qC xJ "rZ" F kDOC prD

d FDF lF ok ypz co P C CpJ F ClDV q (? oD

.lkp PF C DF (kqECpz ok) D koh DF ,Hz D C CpJ PvCkp

 

D ok Co V kF w C kph FDF " : l lFC

kCk UCo DA D ok Co oDO C .koDF ,lkF v kp ,Dkph

".lkq Pvk DoD C F Dkph A qC J

 

DA DDVgpv DDVlKv F ,pǾ Pvk ,DlJ F lFC DA

? lkF kp EDC DDVlKv qC qC J Dkph D PvCkG

 

,h Ov qC Dkph lAOv F pRC ok FDF D Pw zo Z

? PvCOwCk Dk pOF Co D C C D ; PvCkF ,kh qC Dk ok

816) pW 201 Dv ok ,FDF pGo F ,Dkph ,lCo O F Dd pF

OvC F DDv A ok Dv 22 CpF lkp Uph DWDFomA ok (k

,졾C CDN ,lkCk Pwz Co h oCkpv lZ Ml C ok .lkp lq

.kp kClFCo pOvk Co C p DF ,٥O vDG h CpC oCkpv

 

,Ch (DPvDv ok) CD PCo F Co FDF O CpVD

"DDkCk" ok ,lFpv DF kDv ok ,Owq "u" MDD F DN

: pF J DCpDp

 

? OiC O DV ok CpZ v C P ,kDOC FDF F ٥O ١Z Z"

,llpF Ovk Z .lpGF Co DJ Pvk k p DN kp .kCl ECV b FDF

gpv h qC kh o lD kh o ok kq h ok Co pk Pvk

,PvC Od C ok P FDF ? PvC ص Z C v C P ٥O .kp

gpv h qC kp o ,lpGF lCh DJ k p Pvk k p Dz

DN kp gpv kh h qC kh o .kz koq ,kpF o qC h Z .lzDF

PvJ DN kp .lz koq F qC o l ,kz pF N qC h Z

k p DZ lOp PvJ ok Co ߷ FDF Z loDF gDz DF D

pF lq Da xJ.l|z ȡh PvJ lOhk Cok .kF C y|DF pF D gDz

".lkp yoCk

 

,D PDV C qDF qC ,CD l oDDF PvC î

oDOo ok Cl rZ b C PvC kF Cpk F MpG uok kCk

(.lD "߷" Co FDF DDJ ok DZ) .PvC lk h Dd

! PvCh CD DZA ,p uok kClho C qC D

 

lOF DC qC l ld qC F h ... " : Pwz qC xJ ,lFC O F

".lOhp lkpF kClF F Co DC Clqp

 

ECpz lz

 
,ECpz Clh qC CoDv
(Dkr ClJ qC J)
D DF ,D "urk"
! lkp o "uDF"
Dionysos (Bacchus)
Roman relief, 2nd century AD

http://web.uvic.ca/grs/bowman/myth/images/haifa/h47.jpg

 

 

,vC oV Dqo loD vF FDF olJ "oCiFCpz" DF J ok

Do߲ oDF C) C F (!! loD C F ECpz F) D MkCoC

Dkph lk ,D qC ok .ko ok Co Pw q (PvC loD

: l FC O F ,pk DV ok lOwF PF ECpz DF

 

ok .lzDF Mn WOwV ok kFkCk oOvk kh CpJ F kr"

" .loCl Co Oiv kh pF lz koh

 

a ,CkporF Clo PvC C lw C Z Dw ǡ

! lOw C "DzqoC" o ok o Pvok DzqoC CoCk ,FDF Dkr

pOorF Pznpv DF EZoDZ ok) 2000 Dv ok "l" ok oDOz DJ pF

upOvk ok FCpz q ,DV D ok DvFC (1000 Dv DOiz

d) k ECpz w F orF CiF D DzDd .(wCp O) PzCk

: oA pF kDp Dd DF Cp ,( ! ECpz

 

! upK ,CkD kp qC pF Odq    /   Pw J okw oCqA ,pV F

(383 e ,Dz Dd)

 

oDOxJ

 

Epv JDJ ,DdoF lv DF ,kr qC zD DGV Z pC

pOF ok Dkr (CpkDz) Cplq DlC ,llkp

.lCOD Co DCpC p oDRA pNC

 

ok Co DA Cp DJ ko lCN w p ,pOi C F kp lwF DF DOd

puok pOF lDz .lvDz qDF Dd Dh Z DorF DlC

: lzDF kp DF DFo C ok Dh Co Dkph (Pwz ) D qC

 

! r ٺ pv pF D q DJ                          r pF DNC pF Pvk DN

! rk D lk wF fG            fG k qC J ,q k rh

 

dCv "Clo" kr Co (Dh ) Dkph F DoDz DV ,pk v qC

CkpkCqA C CpZ .PD CN (troubadours wCp ok) CpOl

DF kh DCpN ok Co (A DDGq ) lq F kh ġ ,lp

.lkF oCrF (! Dp Co ok kpKvpv rWF) lF qC ,lkp

ok Co D okD p vDN ,lzDF tJ k DpOw qC C

.kqDv pNDD zo DJoC p oDJ pNoJ

 

,2001 Cs , "lz DV" p ϵ pF kp GV ok : pk DS

oJ DqDv pNyV HVpJ D ,DDOC ok (Genova) "CV" pz ok

.kp HV kh F Co D (Tute bianche) "DDVlKv" ,DDOC

? loCk " DDVlKv" DF lJ DA DA

? loCk DA J lv 13 Dhok joDN  F DA DA


: lzDF lCo Np kDlq yqoCDF EDO qC kDOvC DF oDOz C pOF

647-658 MDe ,C lV ,1354 v IDZ ,"CpC DOVC joDN"

178-190 MDe ,1356v IDZ ,k lV

 

Diderot, Oeuvres, bibliothque de la pliade, Supplment au voyage de Bougainville, pages 997-998